What is the TOEFL
TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) – an international exam in English as a foreign language. TOEFL prepared organization Educational Testing Service (ETS), Princeton University, New Jersey, USA.
The main purpose of TOEFL – assess the level of those for whom English is not their native language. Providing TOEFL results is a prerequisite for admission to more than 2,400 colleges and universities in the US, Canada and some other countries. TOEFL certificate – a document required for admission to foreign universities for MBA programs in the preparation of the right to training in English or for employment requiring knowledge of English. Some scientific and professional certification programs also require applicants to take TOEFL. TOEFL certificate is valid for two years.
The main feature of the TOEFL test is that it is based on American English, so it is necessary to understand the lexical and grammatical subtleties that distinguish American English from British English for the TOEFL exam.
At this time, there are two versions of the test: Paper-based Test (PBT), that is, the test in writing on paper, and Internet-based Test (iBT) – testing through the Internet. The second option has recently considered preferable in many universities, because it involves tasks not only on reading, listening and writing, but also on the spoken language and the combined tasks.
Paper-based Test (PBT)
The exam consists of four parts: Listening Comprehension, Structure and Written Expression, Reading Comprehension and Test of Written English.
Part 1: Listening Comprehension
The ability to take on hearing the English language (the North American pronunciation), highlight the main idea, the most important details to draw conclusions.
Questions are divided into three groups
A: Mini-dialogue: In this part you have to listen to the dialogue and issues relating to the content of this dialogue, and written among the proposed options to choose the correct answer.
B: Long Conversation: In this part you have to listen to the dialogue and a series of questions regarding the content of this dialogue, and written among the proposed options to choose the correct answers.
C: Short monologues: In this part you have to listen to a monologue and a series of questions regarding the content of this monologue, and written among the proposed options to choose the correct answers.
Part 2: Structure and Written Expression
The ability to understand written language, the level of grammar.
In this group, you must choose one of the options for filling missing in the proposal so as to obtain a grammatically correct sentence.
This group must be allocated among the several parts of the proposal to choose wrong.
Part 3: Reading Comprehension
The ability to understand short passages similar in topic and style to academic texts in colleges and universities. This part contains questions on the content of five or six passages read. You read passages and answer the questions. It also includes questions about the meaning of words in the context of the passage.
Part 4: Test of Written English
You must write an essay on a given topic. In the essay need to agree or disagree with a certain statement and to support your answer hard evidence and examples.
Internet-based Test (iBT)
TOEFL iBT (Internet-based Test), which replaces the SBT TOEFL (Computer-based Test) – From September 24 2005, the new format of the test was launched in the United States.
TOEFL iBT test requires integrated skills. This means that not grammar checked via a separate section, and by others. In addition, it tested your ability to speak in English. Online registration and online test results easier.
Changing the format of the test is aimed at the improvement of knowledge assessment system passes the test. New Speaking section helps to assess students’ ability to communicate in English, which is important for study in business school or college, and new tasks in the Writing section allows to evaluate the student’s ability to combine information.
The test consists of 4 sections: Speaking, Listening, Reading and Writing.
On the performance of the test is given four and a half hours, all the parts can be put in the same day, which gives additional convenience of passing grades.
Features of the new version:
Grammatical structures are estimated based on the students’ ability to use them in sections of Speaking, Writing and the ability to recognize them while reading complex academic texts in Reading section.
The new version of the TOEFL is required write two essays. One of them is also a new “integrated” type of task: read the small text and listen to a lecture on the same topic. The information presented in lectures, or contrary to, or complementary / clarifies the information obtained from the text to be read. While reading and listening are allowed to make notes. You will have 3 minutes to read the text, containing approximately 200-220 words, and 20 minutes to write a short essay and employ between 150 and 225 words.
Section Reading has not undergone major changes with the exception of the point that a number of new types of questions.
The Listening section of the first part (the short dialogs) is canceled; are two parts: long dialogs representing live conversational speech, lecture and four, two of which are accompanied by comments students.
Unlike the older format, the new TOEFL iBT exam allows and even encourages to take notes and notes (Note Taking) in each section.
The new format of the TOEFL test requires more time for its implementation, and therefore prologue – Tutorials (additional exercises before the exam in order to explore the program and the computer) has been canceled.
This new exam section contains 6 questions, answering which you speak into the microphone. Permission is granted to make notes!