The American Psychological Association (APA)
(English American Psychological Association, APA.) – One of the most influential associations of professional psychologists in the world, including experts from the US and Canada, associate members from other countries. It consists of about 150 thousand. Member organizations budget is about $ 70 million. “Mission” APA – “To promote psychology as a science, a profession and a means of improving the well-being, mental health and education of the people.”
APA was founded in July 1892 by a group of 26 psychologists at Clark University, he became the first president G.Stenli Hall. Currently, the association is composed of 54 units on areas of science and practice, and 58 regional offices in the US and Canada.
Presidential elections APA produced annually.
August 29, 1929. “Psychological Register» (Psychological Register) – Carl Myurchisonom first catalog was published by APA members.
During the reorganization of the APA system section was created in 1945 (divisions), each of which has its own number. However, the APA is not the fourth and eleventh section. The fourth section is intended for the Psychometric Society, but it has refused to join in the APA and eleventh (abnormal psychology and psychotherapy) was attached to the twelfth (Clinical Psychology).
August 29, 1969 in Chicago, has not started the next Congress APA. Due to the brutality shown by Chicago police for protesting against the Vietnam War at the National Democratic convention of 1968, APA transferred its annual convention in Washington, where it began on 31 August.
In 2007, the Association participated in the organization of the first “Day of psychology”, timed to coincide with World Mental Health Day.
The crisis and the split.
Throughout the XX century in the APA there were constant clashes between rival groups of its members. One of the biggest confrontations were observed between theorists and experimentalists, on the one hand, and applied psychology, on the other hand. A survey conducted in 1957 in the Department of Experimental Psychology, showed that only 55% of the members approved the APA, 30% were against the organization, and was found growing desire experimenters leave it. Persist for decades, tensions between communities of practitioners and “academics” sharply escalated in 1980, when the practice were in the majority. If engaged in about 70% of the members of the APA, then in 1985, in 1940 the academic psychology – only 33% . “Academics” is often stated that the APA seeks to meet the interests of the guild of practitioners, including obtaining belay payments, the possibility of writing prescriptions for psychoactive drugs, providing for clinical psychologists hospital privileges same as for psychiatrists. During the second half of the XX century there were several attempts to resolve these contradictions by reorganizing APA. However, with the passage of “academicians” of time it became increasingly difficult to achieve the necessary solutions to them, and many of them left the APA. The last attempt of reorganization was undertaken in February 1987. The discussion of the reorganization plan was emotional, and occur in an atmosphere of conflict, intrigue and accusations in disbelief. Self-employed psychologist Stanley Graham, who became president of the APA in 1990, first signed a document on the reorganization, but soon changed his position and began to oppose its ratification. As a result, many academics, according to the former president of APA Logan Wright concluded that “ARA has become the guild, controlled by representatives of small business.” Proponents of academic psychology formed their own organization called the American Psychological Society [en] (American Psychological Society, APS), later renamed the Association for Psychological Science (Association for Psychological Science). Between these organizations have any hostile relations. APA Council tried to remove members of a rival organization with leadership positions in APA under the pretext of a conflict of interest. The attempts were unsuccessful, but most members of the American Psychological Society voluntarily left the APA. As T. Leahy noted “the desire of psychologists practitioners to have their professional society was incompatible with the pursuit of academic researchers have a scientific community.” He explains this by the fact that psychology is too vast and diverse to resist unification.
Awards prizes, including premium APA Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Psychology
American Psychological Association (APA)
750 First Street, NE, Washington, DC