Photography The History And Everyday Use

(Part 2)

 

In 1853, Adolphe Disderi developed a new type of photography, carte-de-visite, which lead to a boom in portrait studios over the entire world. During 1868, Bucas de Hauron published a book, which proposed a variety of methods for color photography, a very new subject in the photographic community. In 1878, dry plates, a type of photography using the mixture of gelatin and silver bromide on a glass plate, were now being manufactured commercially. In 1888, the first Kodak cameras were sold with a 20-foot roll of paper for photos. A year later, the Kodak cameras are improved, including film instead of paper .

In 1906, high quality color separation photography was available, making photographic quality even closer to today’s photography, and by 1907, the first commercial color film was manufactured in France. In 1917, Nippon Kogaku K.K. was established in Tokyo, which becomes Kodak, a major camera company. In 1924, Leitz, a camera company, made the first high quality 35-millimeter camera, which was named the ‘Leica.’ 12 years later, the development of the first multilayered color film camera began, which marks the beginning of the SLR (single-lens reflex) camera . Around 1938, the automatic exposure camera was marketed, taking photography another step closer to today’s cameras . In 1942, the Kodacolor process was introduced, a process for making color prints from color negatives. In 1963, Polaroid’s instant color film was made, the first of its kind . Later, in 1976, a better negative film, ASA 400, was brought into being, and was 11 million times more sensitive than that of Niepce’s film. Kodak disk cameras started to be produced in 1982, but ended in 1988. By 1989, Canon and Fuji started to produce consumer electronic cameras, which stored their information on floppy disks and memory cards . In 1991, the first digital SLR camera was made by Kodak, which was a modified Nikon F3 . In 2001, more digital cameras were sold in Japan and the U.S., and camera companies started to complete their transition from film cameras to digital cameras . Over the next nine years, camera companies started to make fewer and fewer film cameras and more and better digital ones. All of these technological advancements contributed to the making of the modern, digital cameras we see everywhere in today’s world. Now that the history of photography has been covered, what types of photography are available today?

There have been many variations of photography over the years, but most have become little used and some obscure to society. Still, there are two main types of photography which many people use. The first type is digital photography. Digital photography is the use of an electronic camera to record pictures through electronic imaging . These images can be edited by multiple editing software programs. This helps them appear better than what they looked like when the original photo was taken, without the use of a darkroom. In addition, these images can be printed easily, another plus to using digital photography. These attributes make digital photography very attractive to many photographers, but it is not the only type of photography that attracts users.

The other type of photography is film photography. Film photography has been popular for many years, as it started far before digital photography and for that reason was more widely known years in prior years. While digital photography captures electronic images, film cameras capture negative photos that are developed and printed to become positive pictures, like the printed version of an electronic image. Film photography has many variations, as there are all kinds of different film. There is gelatin-based film, which can be altered using special utensils made for editing. There is also panchromatic film, which is sensitive to all colors of visible light. A third type of film is light or tungsten film, which is used in different types of light . Those are only a few of the various different types of films that a film camera may use. Although these cameras have their differences, there are many similarities and unfortunately controversies.

Between the main types of photography lie many comparisons yet differences, like the different types of flashes, lenses, and other attachments and accessories. Yet, both share the same main body structure and both have basic modern camera parts, like shutters, as well as a storing device for the pictures. Even though they are similar, there are controversies about these two variations of cameras. Some traditionalists think that digital cameras do not actually capture reality, as they can be altered and changed by computer programs . Although they may think this, digital and film photography are both great hobbies that have been many years in the making, and is also part of a worldwide culture. So, how is photography beneficial to the world?

Photography is beneficial, as it is a form of recreation, and is a hobby many enjoy. Many amateurs take once-in-a-lifetime photos that can never truly be recaptured. Professionals use their photography skills to shoot photos of amazing subjects and events, like the Olympics or a momentous occasion like a wedding or graduation. Photography popularity has been on the rise, as more and more people, especially amateurs, are buying cameras and other photographic equipment because of the low cost of photography.
Photography is also a source of income and is also a source for jobs, though many amateurs use the availability of printing, editing, and camera supplies to print their own pictures. Many people have sought employment with companies such as Canon and Kodak, and smaller retail stores around the globe. They provide many jobs, as Canon, Kodak, and the other companies have employ large amounts of people, and the many retail stores employ a few people per store, which adds up.

Photography is beneficial to the world because it helps document history, it is a form of recreation, and it is a source for jobs and income. In history, photography has been used to document events from the inauguration of Abraham Lincoln to the raising of the American flag at Iwo Jima. There have been many photographers that have taken historical photos, for example, W. Eugene Smith, who was a World War II photographer, Ansel Adams, a famous photographer who took pictures of landscapes all over America, preserving the look of the scenic areas of the mid-1900’s. Another famous photographer is Robert Capa, who was also a World War II photographer, who became famous for his D-Day photos, although most were destroyed in processing . A very memorable photographer was Alfred Einsenstaedt, a photojournalist for Life magazine and loved to take candid shots. One of his most famous photographs was ‘VJ Day,’ a picture of a sailor kissing a nurse on Victory Over Japan day. The photos of these and other photographers have marked many historical days throughout American and world history. Without these photos, we would not have the meaningful images to go with the history of our world. Overall, photography is beneficial to the world through its job opportunities, recreational use, and for its use in historical events.
Photography is a great hobby that all art loving people should try, though some may think that it is a waste of time and money. However, they must consider the fact that photography is steadily growing in popularity over the world, and is becoming used everyday, especially in the United States of America, where it is already part of the culture. Photography is very meaningful in life, and conveys messages words could never describe. Those messages can help make the world a better place, if used in the right place and the right time.

 

 

 

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