Leader and President of the United States

(Part 2)

 

He attended the Groton School from 1896 to 1900. Reverend Endicott Peabody, which is Groton’s headmaster, suggested the morality of public service in Franklin. He though this would be something that he would carry with him throughout his life. When FDR was at Groton, he was not academically outstanding, or he did not gain vast popularity. FDR had a bad time to fit in but he was only five feet three inches tall, too short for football, baseball, or crew, the only sports that really mattered at Groton. He was excelled tennis and golf player but they were not considered as important as other sports. (Miller 27). However, he was liked enough for someone home schooled his whole life. FDR’s ability to use to these situations. In addition, one of the most important moralities that FDR would ever gain came from his years at Groton.

FDR then went on to Harvard University from 1900 to 1904. He performed only little bit better than he had at Groton. He had very good preparation at Groton. FDR was able to complete his course study for his B.A. in 1903, only three years. While his fourth year he was editor the college newspaper of Crimson.

 

However, the boy died the following year and it made dramatic setback in Roosevelt’s life. Two years later they had another son, Elliott, who was born on September 23, 1910 in New York. Eleanor gives birth to five children within the first 11 years of their marriage. Eleanor stayed true to Franklin for the 40 years of their marriage, even hate and often periods of unhappiness. Although when she learned of an affair FDR was having during World War I, she proved her love and to be one of his main supporters when it came to his political career.

FDR graduated from Harvard In June 1904 and immediately entered the Columbia University School of Law. FDR attended Columbia Law School until spring of 1907. Roosevelt passed the New York Bar Examination and found employment as a junior clerk at a law firm on Wall Street in New York City named Carter, Ledyard, and Milburn. Much of the firm’s practice was that of corporate law. He was tired of his job as a law clerk. FDR could not wait to jump into politics, which he saw as having a sense of purpose. In November 8, 1910 Democratic part leaders nominated him out as candidate for New York State Senator at 26th District. He agreed to run.

In 1912 FDR quickly made a name for himself when he opposed the corrupt Tammany Hall, the political machine that ran New York at the time. With his reputation as a charismatic hard worker, FDR earned key positions in Woodrow Wilson’s administration. Appointed Wilson’s Assistant Secretary of the Navy by Josephus Daniels, then Secretary of the Navy, Roosevelt did an excellent job of gaining congressional support for the navy in World War I.

Roosevelt could not campaign because he contracted typhoid fever on August 24th. Despite his illness and attacks from Tammany. He was re-elected to the state senate on November 5. At this point, Roosevelt has seemed to be do not listen to any difficulty without campaigning and battling an illness. He still managed to return to the state senate for one more term in 1920. FDR was nominated as the vice presidential candidate on the Democratic ticket, running with James Cox, but they lost decisively to Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge. Upon losing the election, Roosevelt returned to law practice with a firm called Emmet, Marvin and Roosevelt.

 

Despite his illness and attacks from Tammany, he was re-elected to the state senate on November 5. At this point, Roosevelt has seemed to be do not listen to any difficulty without campaigning and battling an illness. He still managed to return to the state senate for one more term in 1920. FDR was nominated as the vice presidential candidate on the Democratic ticket, running with James Cox, but they lost decisively to Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge. Upon losing the election, Roosevelt returned to law practice with a firm called Emmet, Marvin and Roosevelt.

At this time he was also named vice president of the Fidelity and Deposit Company of Maryland, in charge of the New York office.

The next year tragedy happened. Roosevelt contracted poliomyelitis in other words known as polio. It attacked his central nervous system and left he paralyzed in his legs. He wipe out physically by the disease, However FDR became a mentally and emotionally stronger person because of the disease. On June 26, 1924, FDR delivered the nominating speech for Smith in Madison Square Garden on crutches. He called Smith the `Happy Warrior’ of the political field, a name that stuck with Smith throughout his career. End of that year, Roosevelt ended his law partnership with Marvin and Emmet then he entered into a new partnership with D. Basil O’Connor. In 1924, FDR helped then governor of New York Alfred Smith gain the Democratic Presidential nominee. Smith then asked FDR in 1928 to run for his ticket on the governor ballot in New York, and Roosevelt agreed. FDR won the election for governor in an otherwise Republican year. At the time of this election, the US economy was largely unsteady, and Governor Roosevelt felt that a market crash would come soon. In 1931, when the Depression was serious, Roosevelt became the first governor to set up an effective state relief administration. A very effective leader in New York, Roosevelt played the role of governor naturally, Roosevelt had a talent and he knew how to handle the controls. He had the right mix of leadership and responsiveness. (Morgan 314). He also became a very convincing speaker.

He was reelected in 1930 by the largest margin in state history. By the presidential election season in 1932, America’s problem was worse than ever. There was no good sing of lessening. FDR stood out as the most dynamic candidate for the Democratic presidential ticket, and after that he ran on the nomination against House Speaker John Nance Garner of Texas and former Secretary of War Newton D. Baker of Ohio. FDR did not win the ballot easily, and in fact Garner had to be promised a spot as the vice candidate in order for Roosevelt to carry the nomination on the fourth ballot. Roosevelt and Garner won the election in a landslide electoral vote of 472 to 59. Promising aggressive government intervention toward the Depression and a New Deal for the American people. In his first address, Roosevelt gave hope to the Americans, He told the country, `The only thing we have fear is fear it self’.

Many important events occurred under Roosevelt’s leadership in the First Hundred Days of his presidency. FDR passed through a vast amount of legislation topped by a reformed banking program. He adopted a newly organized Federal Emergency Relief Administration, and the Civil Works Administration (CWA) of 1933-34 gave work relief to many. The two programs that FDR relied on in his first 100 days were the National Recovery Act (NRA) and the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA). The American people began to find strength in FDR, and support grew as 1933. Roosevelt’s first term was very successful as he finally got a chance to implement his own ideas, and the people began to have faith in his decisions. Proof is in the fact that many people believed the end of the Great Depression directly to Roosevelt. It is possible that because he was President when the Depression ended, some saw him as almost another being or superhuman. They would support any decision he made. At the end of his first term in 1935, FDR pushed for reform in the areas that he had established. when he first began his campaign for election in 1932: unemployment insurance, pensions for the elderly, limits on work hours, and massive public projects. In 1936, Roosevelt was re-elected, and on January 20, 1937. On March 1, he signed the Retirement Act, which he removed income tax hardships from who retired at 70. On May 1, he signed the Neutrality Act, which gave him much power. On August 26, he signed the Revenue Act of 1937, which tried to help income taxes. Then, on December 12, Japanese planes sunk the United States gunboat, Panay on the Yangtze River. Roosevelt forced Japan to apologize and pay $2 million in reparations. (Eisenhower 200) It is almost as if everything Roosevelt tried to do, he did. He had power like no other President in the United States history.. This just went to show how popular the American people had made him, and how much support they gave him. Roosevelt became the first President of the United States to be inaugurated for the third straight term During World War II in 1941. FDR was able to use his lend-lease policy to get around previous commitments by the US. After his health began to fail those around FDR felt that maybe his political days were over. However the Commander In Chief ran again in 1944. Again an overwhelming majority elected him, but he died one year later in 1945, at the age of 63. Harry S. Truman, his vice president, took office, as FDR was laid to rest three days after his death at Hyde Park.

Without any doubt, Franklin Delano Roosevelt is seen as a leader and President of the United States. Many Americans, past and present, remember him as the man who saved their future. Franklin Delano Roosevelt maybe could not walk but he became president of a country that had lost hope. However, it seems that none of these barriers ever block FDR from accomplishing what he wanted to accomplish with a simple set of beliefs. A belief that things could be improved, a belief in the Democratic process- he transmitted his own confidence to the nation. And the nation followed his way.

 

 

Leader and President of the United States