Educational program International Baccalaureate was established in Switzerland in late 60s as a universal school program with a common curriculum, which would allow educational institutions of one country regarded education received in another country, the equivalent national.
With the spread of IB Diploma program (certificate of graduation) began to recognize the world’s leading universities. Now in the United States, Canada, Ireland, UK, Belgium, France, Norway, Sweden and some other countries, students with such certificates admitted to the university without entrance examinations. Stipulate only that a passing grade and assessment requirements in the certificate for a specific set of items. In other countries – such as Spain – Diploma International Baccalaureate is recognized, along with the national, but not exempt from entrance exams. Thus, a student who degree of Bachelor International has sufficient qualification for admission to virtually any university in the world.
Today, on the International Baccalaureate program, you can study in 1020 schools in 100 countries. Fastest growing the number of schools in the United States. As a rule, in all countries, schools, practitioners trained in this model, are among the best. This, in essence, means that the average level of education provided by IB schools above the national standard.
The IB program is primarily designed to ensure that give students the knowledge and skills needed in the life of everyone, regardless of profession, as well as social adaptation skills. As part of the focus is on academic achievement, critical thinking skills, skills of independent work. Through this approach, students have increased motivation and interest in knowledge, and hence the performance.
The IB program is designed for two years. The specific curriculum can be modified from school to school, but on the whole is as follows. Training is one of the three IB working languages: English, French or Spanish (permitted the teaching of the native language, native and world literature in the national language). The basis of the program – to study six subjects which the pupil chooses. Program Courses are taught on two levels: “advanced» (Higher level) and “standard» (Standard level). The first involves the study of the discipline in the amount of 240 hours of training, the second – 150 hours. In “advanced” level study three or four subjects, as a rule, it needs to enter university.
IB program Items combined into six groups, and each of the student chooses to study one subject.
– The first language (usually the native), and research of selected works of world literature
– Foreign languages and literature in these languages
– Man and society (history, psychology, geography, economics, philosophy, business and management, information technology, etc.)
– Natural sciences (biology, physics, chemistry, ecological systems, and others.)
– Additional subjects of choice (design, music, theater, one of the subjects of group 3 or 4, mathematics at an advanced level)
Also, students must pass strong comprehensive courses:
Theory of Knowledge (TOK). This course is a philosophical plan, a kind of theory research, methods and models of understanding of new. In short, these lessons are taught and learn not to be afraid to argue in search of truth, here is given a base for self. In this course, students are also taught how to write an essay to argue their point of view, to give definitions and formulate hypotheses, competently discuss.
Creativity, Action, Service (CAS). Creativity can relate edition of school newspaper, writing a scenario for a Christmas, etc. Action – this is sport, dancing – in a word, all action and activities. Public Service – is any activity aimed at helping the disadvantaged, environmental protection, etc. – A visit to children’s homes to help build the church. Participation in theater, sports, social activities contribute to the fact that not only show their talents, but also develop important qualities such as an attentive, caring for others, teamwork.
By the end of the program each student must write a so-called “Extended Essay» with a minimum of 4000 words. It must be some kind of report of a independently conducted research on a selected topic, which is carried out under the guidance of a teacher. This allows students to acquire the skills of research activity.
One major difference program IB – is primarily approach to the research object. Typically, IB program uses various methods of analysis focuses on the research and writing of the independent experimental activity of students.
In order to get the Diploma of Program International Baccalaureate, a student must complete the program by completing all requirements: pass the examinations in all six subjects (three subjects at an advanced level and three subjects at standard level), write Extended Essay and two works on the Theory of Knowledge, to work at least 150 hours for the program Creativity, Action, Service and to complete all projects and mini-projects. Every year about 30 thousand students receive the IB Diploma.
Reputable IB diplomas also contributes to an objective evaluation of the results. A graduate of the program must obtain two estimates: the internal, which puts the school teacher, and an external evaluation of foreign examiners single examination center in the city of Cardiff in the UK.
Particularly noteworthy program flexibility. Every three years, it amended. Above improvement courses are constantly working committees of the teachers. Thus, International Baccalaureate – is a universal program, which absorbed all the best that there is in school education in different countries. It is a universal language that is understandable to almost any university and college.