How to write an argument essay


The ability to write a properly structured and logically harmonious essay is useful to everyone. A well-reasoned essay contains arguments supporting the main idea and convincing the reader of its correctness. Argumentative essay includes a comprehensive discussion of the issue under discussion, as well as weighty arguments that can convince the reader of the correctness of the author’s point of view.



Format of the essay


Consider the purpose of the argument in the essay


The purpose of this type of essay is to thoroughly consider any issue or topic. In such an essay, it is necessary to study all aspects of the subject under discussion, considering all possible points of view.

In the argumentation essay should clearly state their point of view, explain its advantages over other views, and on the basis of this, draw substantiated conclusions.


Observe the methodology of writing an argumentative essay


Before you start creating an argumentative essay, you need to properly master the relevant material.

When writing an essay of this type, success depends on how thoroughly the author will be able to analyze various aspects of the problem under discussion, leading the reader to an obvious and logical conclusion. Before writing an essay, you should familiarize yourself with the existing points of view on this subject in order to mention in your work opinions that do not coincide with yours (counterarguments).


Remember the desired results of your essay


The ultimate goal of the argumentation essay (apart from the fact that it was asked by the teacher!) Is to convince other people of something, by inclining them to their point of view on the issue under discussion.



Choose a topic


Select the appropriate topic


Remember that the argumentation essay defends a certain point of view on any controversial issue. Therefore, for such an essay is not appropriate topic, on which there is a single opinion.

For example, you are unlikely to write a good argument in an essay on the benefits of exercise, since this thesis does not raise any objections.


Choose an interesting topic for you


To prepare and write an essay will take a lot of time, so you should choose a topic, the work on which will be interesting to you.


Check your main thesis


Discuss it with a friend or colleague (it is advisable that your interlocutor adhere to a different point of view). This will help you sharpen your arguments and push new arguments to confirm your main idea.


Evaluate your target audience


When writing an argumentary essay, it is important to understand who it is intended for.

If you perform a study assignment, your fellow students and teacher will read the essay. Or maybe you are writing for a much wider audience. In any case, to more effectively build arguments, one should consider your audience.

The level of education, profession and life experience of people affect how they perceive a point of view that is different from their own, so when writing an essay, it is desirable to consider these factors.

When referring to different groups of people use a different language. For example, with a priest of a local church you speak differently than with a friend you meet on the street. When addressing an audience it is important to take into account such differences.


Consider the rhetorical situation


When considering a topic, it is important to consider the factors that accompany it. The rhetorical situation consists of five basic elements: the text itself (in this case it’s an essay), the author (in this case it’s you), the audience, the pursued goal (or goals) and the attendant situation.

Rhetoric implies a corresponding language and speech building, aimed at what to convince the audience of anything. Since the purpose of the argumentary essay is to convince the reader of the correctness of the author’s opinion, when writing it, one should adhere to the rules of rhetoric.



Building the argument


Think of an eye-catching headline


The creative and original name will interest the reader, and he will want to read your essay.

A successful title gives the reader an idea of the article itself. In scientific articles, headings are often used, consisting of two parts separated by a colon. In this case, the first part is a spectacular statement that can attract the attention of the reader, and the second part explains and more fully reveals this statement.


Outline the main thesis


This is a short statement of your views on the issue at hand. As a rule, the thesis completes the introductory part of the essay. Having become acquainted with the main thesis, the reader will be more prepared to perceive the following text.

The thesis should be concise and clear. It contains the essence of the article and explains its importance. The thesis is a concise statement. This statement can relate to the value of this view on the subject under consideration, definitions (for example, to indicate an unsuccessful definition of a particular term or idea and to offer one’s own), a causal relationship (to establish a connection between various events or phenomena), lines of conduct , That our actions with respect to something should be changed for a certain reason), and so on.

An example of a strong thesis: The growing consumption of meat in developed countries is one of the main causes of environmental pollution, and thus contributes significantly to global warming. This thesis, relating to the cause-effect relationship and dealing with a controversial and rather narrow issue, is well suited to create an interesting argumentation essay.

An example of a weak thesis: Pollution of the environment is a serious problem. This thesis is poorly suited to the argument in the essay: there are few people who disagree with this statement. In addition, the stated topic is too extensive. It is impossible to discuss all aspects of environmental pollution in one small essay.


Don’t use the standard construction of a three-part thesis, often recommended for novice authors


Such a format, which limits an article to three predefined sections, hinders the free expression of thoughts. If you reject the triple thesis, you will be able to develop your ideas more fully and touch upon a wider range of issues.

As an example of the triple thesis, the following statement can be cited: Global warming is caused by industrial emissions, automobile exhaust fumes and pollution of the World Ocean. In this case, it is determined in advance that the article will consist of three sections dealing with industrial pollution, automobile exhausts and pollution of the world’s ocean. Thus, other reasons remain outside this essay, which reduces its completeness and limits the range of ideas discussed.

By refusing such a strict form of thesis, you can create a more detailed and harmonious essay. In this case, it is better to use the following thesis: In view of the increase in the average world temperature and the rise in the level of the World Ocean, a successful struggle against the problem of global warming requires a broader interpretation.


Write the introduction


This section should briefly explain the topic under consideration and consider the current situation by familiarizing the reader with the subject of the discussion. As noted above, the introduction should end with the thesis.


Write the main sections of the article


Carefully present information, both confirming and refuting your point of view. Give convincing evidence in support of your opinion, without hiding the contradictory data.

There are many ways to construct a presentation of the topic, and it is most important to touch on all aspects of the issue under discussion. Silence of information that runs counter to your point of view, looks unethical and prevents the reader from getting an accurate idea of the subject of the discussion.

Be sure to include in your essay counter-arguments, that is, ideas that are contrary to your position, and explain why your point of view seems more logical and correct to you (for example, ideas that contradict it are based on outdated information, and so on). Do not call other opinions incorrect, as this may alienate the reader.


Write a conclusion


In this section, we should again emphasize our arguments, convincing the reader to support your point of view. Try to link the topic of the essay to the interests and values of your readers.

Focus the reader’s attention on the main ideas of your essay and repeat the main thesis, differently formulating it. The conclusions should not contain any new information – in the conclusion it is necessary to sum up what you said earlier.

Often the articles end with a brief look at the further ways of studying the issue examined.


How to write an argument essay (Part 1)


Read the second part