How to write a short story
Writing a novel can be very hard, while the short story can write, and most importantly finish, almost everyone. This doesn’t mean that the stories are easy to write, or that their artistic value is less than the novel. A well-written story produces not less impressive than the novel. This article sets out some practical tips that will add you inspiration and help when writing short stories.
Writing short stories
1. Collect ideas for stories.
Carry a notebook to record ideas as inspiration can visit you at any time.
Most often, you will only get small bits of information in the head, such as an accident, where you can build a story, a character name or appearance, etc. But, sometimes, you can create in minutes the whole story.
If you have no inspiration or you need to write a story quickly (eg, schools), try to use brainstorm. If you are still marking time, you may have to seek advice from family or friends.
Good stories come with experience. Many stories are based on personal experience.
2. Start with the basics of short story.
Once you have chosen an idea, you should be aware of the basics of the story. Here are step by step instructions for a good story:
Introduction: The main person, the place of action, time, weather, etc.
Primary action: the beginning.
Creation of the plot: the events leading up to the culmination, or turning point.
The culmination: the most intense, the turning point of history.
Completion of: the conclusion of the story.
The upshot: the end of history with the decision of the central conflict or not. You do not need to write a story on the specified order. If you have an idea for the end, make a note of it. Push off from the initial idea (not necessarily the beginning of the story), and ask yourself, “What will happen next?” Or “What was before that?”
3. Get inspired from other people.
If you find it difficult to understand or describe the character, look around. You can easily borrow the features of familiar and unfamiliar to you people.
For example, you notice someone who always drinks coffee, saying in a loud, booming voice, always prints on the computer, etc. All these features, even a few people can create an interesting character.
4. Know your character.
To the story was believable, the characters have to be believable and realistic. Create interesting and realistic characters is difficult. Here are some tips to create a “real people” for your stories:
Make a full description of the character, from his position, ending the favorite color. You need to know as much as possible about your characters, their motivations to your favorite dishes. They speak with an accent? They have a specific manner? You will not include all of this information in your story, but the more you know, the more your characters come to life for you and for the reader.
Your character does not have to be perfect. Each character must have flaws, problems and uncertainties. Perhaps you think that people do not like being the hero of many flaws, but it is far from the truth. Batman would not be the Dark Knight, if he was not a sociopath.
People identify with problematic characters, because they are realistic. There is no need to award the character unreal and strange traits, though of course you can do it. Basically, try to stick to the things that you know. For example, a character may be nervous, afraid of water, lonely, do not love other people, too much smoking, etc.
5. Do not make the story too lengthy.
In the novel, the action can last for millions of years and combine multiple storylines, different places and the army supporting characters. The main story events must occur within a short period of time (days or minutes); and you will not be able to develop more than one story line, two or three of the main characters and one action. If your story is too long, then most likely, it is a narrative or a novel.
6. Who tells the story.
There are three main options: the first person ( “I”), the second person ( “you”) and third person ( “he” or “she”). In a first embodiment, the narrator – character itself, in the second – the reader, and the third – the narrator tells a stranger. Narratives from the second face are rarely used.
Keep in mind that the stories in the first person are limited, as only tell what they know, and a third person can know everything, to describe the thoughts of each character, or to restrict observation.
You can also combine. For example, you can switch between first-person narrative in one chapter and the third person to another, or even have multiple narrators in the first person. A perfect example is a story “Rashomon”, Akutagawa Ryunosuke, which was later made into a movie by the name of Akira Kurasawa.
7. It is important organization of thoughts.
After the preparation of the basic elements of the story, it is useful to outline the timeline to decide what should happen when.
History, at least, should be the introduction, the original action, development, culmination, and denouement concludes the action. You can take notes with a very simple description of what should happen in each of these stages. This will help you focus when writing stories, as well as easy to make changes and stick to the main plot line.
8. Start writing.
Depending on how well you have planned the plot and characters, the writing process itself can only be the selection of the right words.
However, generally, the writing process is laborious. Most likely, you do not thoroughly know their characters and the plot, but it is not important, as they will tell you what they need, even if you are driving them into a corner. In addition, you can always use a second draft.
9. Do not hesitate.
The first page, some would even say – the first sentence, should draw the attention of the reader and make him read more.
Quick start is particularly important in the short stories, because you just don’t have enough space. Don’t tighten, describing the character or scene. Immediately go to the subject, and a description of the characters and the scene can be opened gradually.
10. Keep writing.
Almost certainly you had to deal with the difficulties on the way to the end of the story. This should not stop you. Plan to work on the story, as well as the rate (ie, page per day) for each day. Even if you have to throw away what you have written on this day, you have been working on a story, and this will have a positive impact in the long term.
11. Let your story writes itself.
As of writing the story, you can send the story in a different direction than planned previously, or you can significantly alter or delete character. Listen to the characters, if they tell you to do something else, perhaps this is what you need.