Differential learning is an approach that is used by educators to meet the special needs of students. While its use is more visible in specialized educational classes, this approach is also an important strategy for modern classes, in which students from different countries are trained, different learning styles and scientific problems are used. A differentiated educational approach increases the likelihood of successful learning of persons with different needs.
Here are a few ways to differentiate classroom learning.
Change the pace of training
Evaluate the speed of each student’s learning. Students study at different rates, some immediately grasp the material, while others require repetition. To carry out mental processes, the brain needs different levels of complexity, and new skills are best acquired when the learning process is not too easy, but not too complicated. Divide the class into groups according to the learning speed.
Increase the number and intensity of the workload for successful students. Too slow submission of material is boring for them and is perceived only as an information review.
Give more time for the task to a more slow learner. The feeling of disappointment hampers the learning process and leads to a low level of concentration of such students.
Use a variety of tools and training methods, such as interactive training programs and study guides, so that students can learn at their own pace.
Use the appeal to the personal interests of students in the learning process
A high level of interest in the subject greatly speeds up the process of learning and remembering information. When teaching mathematics, for example, use text problems that students associate with real life, using the names of stores and products that they know and use. Associate written exercises that include the use of the material being studied, with the students’ private lives, their problems and hobbies.
Adapt your learning to meet the cultural and language needs of students
In some countries, the content of the material is presented through narrative and practical exercises, rather than in a lecture format. Students for whom the language of instruction is not their mother tongue can learn the material at a lower rate. Language barriers can also lead to knowledge gaps due to limited vocabulary.
Set the volume of home and classroom instruction, taking into account the abilities of students
Teachers and their assistants can contribute to this process by working with students one-on-one and in groups.
Provide detailed step-by-step instructions for more slow students. Repeat the information when necessary. Lower the requirements for sluggish students, which will allow them to answer fewer questions and spend more time solving each task.
Model the tasks and give examples for students with an average level of academic achievement. Instruct such students to do more independent work.
Be more demanding of successful students. Give them more challenging tasks and encourage a deeper study of the material.
Encourage students to build on their individual progress
Avoid repeatedly singling out gifted students. Note the degree of effort and the level of progress of each student separately. It is necessary to encourage the works of a slow learner, who painstakingly acquired the most complex skills. A gifted student who learns information in a few seconds, you need to allocate only when he really exceeds his potential.