American Soviet Relations during Truman Presidency
The Berlin blockade also had a great impact on American-Soviet Relations. From June 1948 to May 1949, The Soviets closed the entry to Berlin from the west. The goal of the Soviet Union was to prevent the Allies from unifying the Western part of Germany. The counter response from the British and the United States was the Berlin Airlift in which they would send supplies to the city by air for over a year. Although the blockade was lifted in May of 1949, the airlift method continued into September. The blockade marked the formal division of the city into Eastern and Western sectors. In June 1948 Soviet forces began a blockade of all rail, road, and water traffic through East Germany to West Berlin, attempting to push the western powers out of the city. As a result Truman joined eleven other nations in 1949 to form the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), the United States’ first “entangling” European alliance. Stalin replied to these moves by integrating the economies of Eastern Europe in the Warsaw Pact, signing an alliance with Communist China in February 1950. These actions from both nations would cause further strife, leading straight into the Cold War.
During Truman’s presidency there were many unprescedented international affairs that he was faced with. As World War II came to a close, the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union began to deteroriate. Though there were always differences between the ideologies of the two nations, the diverging interests of the emerging superpowers in Europe and Asia caused a great tension to rise. Foreign policies such as the Marshall Plan and the Berlin Blockade would not only impact American-Soviet Relations during the Truman presidency, but also prove to guide the nation in the decades ahead.