American History Essay

(Part 2)


The quote is spoken by Chamberlain. The quote `Yes, but what if you are wrong?’ he refers to is a fellow professor, who is from South and tries to convince Chamberlain that blacks are not really humans. Chamberlain is angry about that people kill each other because of racism. He also finds out that it is difficult to be convinced of one’s correctness as to justify killing. Chamberlain’s professor’s words give a clear perspective of a Union intellectual on one of the causes of the war. Chamberlain has just met an escaped slave, who makes him realize one of the main reasons for the war. He is so surprised that he finds himself moved by the sight of the slave, and his reaction troubles him much. Most of people on both sides felt that the war was being fought over the issue of states rights and the preservation of the union rather than slavery. Chamberlain’s great relection of slavery and of his reaction to it, however, shows his understanding that one of the fundamental causes of the war is indeed slavery.

Arthur Fremantle is from Britain, an Englishman sent to observe the Confederate army in action. Many people in the Confederacy hoped that England would come to help them, since
the South still had many of the traditional aspects of English society. However, some realists like Lee and Longstreet, who is Lee’s second in command, know that England will never help the Confederacy as long as it endorses slavery. Even Fremantle is only an observer, but he understands the purpose of this war as well. In Shaara’s novel, he illustrates Fremantle’s thought `The great experiment. In democracy. The equality of rabble. In not much more than a generation they have come back to class. As the French have done. What a tragic thing, that Revolution. Bloody George was a bloody fool. But no matter. The experiment doesn’t work. Give them fifty years, and all that equality rot is gone. Here they have the same love of the land and of tradition, of the right form, of breeding, in their horses, their women. Of course slavery is a bit embarrassing, but that, of course, will go. But the point is they do it all exactly as we do in Europe. And the North does not. That’s what the war is really about. The North has those huge bloody cities and a thousand religions, and the only aristocracy is the aristocracy of wealth. The Northerner doesn’t give a damn for tradition, or breeding, or the Old Country. He hates the Old Country. Odd. You very rarely hear a Southerner refer to ?the Old Country. In that painted way a German does. Or an Italian. Well, of course, the South is the Old Country. They haven’t left Europe. They’ve merely transplanted it. And that’s what the war is about’ (173). Because Fremantle is from Britain, assimilation has been deeply rooted in his mind. The part of the quote of course slavery is a bit embarrassing, but that, of course, will go’ shows that Fremantle knows that slavery is one of the biggest reasons for South and North fighting each other. But he does not want put himself in that way because he sees that as a part of the assimilation, a necessary process and it will gone eventually.

Fremantle is crazy about his own country that he thinks that Southerners are still Europeans since they still do things in the same way they would do. He is intense about the war, but he does not have any idea of what is really going on.

The Confederate army and the Union army fought at Gettysburg from July 1-3, 1863 was because Commander Robert E. Lee and General James Longstreet of Confederate army found out that Union army was moving into Gettysburg, where is very closed to them, instead of defensing, they Lee decided to sweep off the whole Union army. In June 29, 1863, a spy comes to Longstreet and tells him that he has seen the Union army moving close by. General Longstreet is surprised because General Stuart is supposed to be tracking the Union army and report information back to Lee. Without Stuart’s absence, Lee is totally blind and has no idea where the Union army is. Longstreet reports the movement of the Union to Lee and suggests moving their army between the Union army and Washington, D.C., because the Confederates can use defensive tactics and have a much better chance to win the battle. However, Lee refuses, because he wants to smash the Union army completely in one single strike. As Lee urgently concentrated his forces there, his objective being to engage the Union army and destroy it, he failed at the end. Lee is traditional and stubborn solider, even though he knows Longstreet’s future ideas are important to him, he still annoyed about them. The Union cavalry commander, General John Buford, sets up his army quickly to the high ground. The hills are great defensive positions as they allow commander to see much more of the surrounding area and they are covered with rocks and trees that can block bullets. Furthermore, without Stuart, Lee has no information about he movements of the Union army or the geography of the surrounding area. Hence, the poor preparation of Confederate and the high grounds become the major elements of the Union Victory.
The American Civil War was the deadliest war in American history with thousands of people died and an undetermined number of missing and wounded people. After the American Civil War, slavery is abolished, the Union is restored, and the role of the federal government is strengthened. The United States of American has more stable society and improves the economic, social, and political development.


American History