How to write a bibliography

 

When writing articles or books you are faced with the need to compile a bibliography, that is a list of all the books, articles and other sources used in writing the work. In compiling the bibliography adhere to, as a rule, one of the three major standards established by the following organizations and documents:

 

The American Psychological Association (APA) for scientific articles.

The American Association of Modern Languages (AASYA) for literary texts.

Chicago style guide (CHRS) for books and magazines.

 

Method 1 of 3: Preparation of a bibliography on standard APA

 

1. Drawing up a list of references. Leave a blank page at the end of your article to the bibliography, its title the “Literature”. Put it on the list of articles, books, Internet publications and other sources that you have used in their work.

 

2. References to the articles. Articles quoted indicating the author’s name, followed by the title of the article and the publication, volume number, issue and pages. Link has the following format: Author, A.A. and Author, B.B. (year). “Article Title.” “The name of the magazine,” the volume number (issue number), pages.
Example: Jensen O.E. (2012). “African elephants.” Quarterly Savannah, 2 (1), 88.
If the article was found on the Internet, add the phrase “Available at:” with the following address for website.
Include the text as much as possible information found you. If any information is missing, don’t submit it.

 

3. References to the book. First, there is the author’s name, followed by the year of publication, book title, place of publication, and, finally, the name of the publisher. Link has the following format: Author, A.A. (Year). Book title. Location: Publisher.
Example: Warden, B.L. (1999). “Echoes of Eden.” New York, NY. New York: 1-2.

 

4. Links to websites. We present the author’s name, complete date, the name of the web page and the phrase “available at:” with the following her Internet address. Link has the following format: Author, AA (Year, Month Day). The name of the web page or document. Available at: http: // Internet address.
Example: Quarry, RR (May 23, 2010.). “Wild Heaven”. Available at: http: // Internet address.
If the author’s name is not known, start with the link name. If the date of publication is not known, check “no date”.

 

5. Citation. According to the standard APA citation of the source is placed directly after the text that contains the link to the source, and is enclosed in quotes. These quotations contain only the necessary information and a more complete can be found in the source, to which reference is given in the bibliography at the end.
In retelling the content source specifies the name of the author and year of publication, for example: “Studies have shown that decreased (Jensen, 2011) The population of Monarch butterflies in the last ten years.”
In the case of a literal citation indicated author name, publication year and page number. For example: “The population of monarch butterflies’ declining rapidly as a result of global warming” (Jensen 2011, 380 pp.). ”
If the author’s name is not known, give the opening words of the title of the publication, such as: “. Less butterflies on the coast of California (News Butterfly World, 2011)”

 

Method 2 of 3: Preparation of a bibliography on standard AASYA

 

1. Drawing up a list of references. At the end of the article make a bibliographic page containing links to the sources you used, designed for standard AASYA. Caption this page as “Literature” and list it on the books, articles and websites, links to which are present in your work.

 

2. References to the articles. Include the name, then the name of the author, then title of the article, name of publication, volume and issue numbers, date, page numbers. Observe the correct application of the oblique font and punctuation. Quotes have the following format: name of the author, name of the author. “Article Title.” “The name of the edition” Volume Number Date: page numbers.
Example: Green March. “Life in Costa Rica.” “The scientific journal” 1 March 4, 2013: 1-2.
Bring as much information on each article to which you refer.

 

3. References to the book. Include the name and the author’s name, book title, place of publication, publisher and date of publication. Adopted the following format: name of the author, name of the author. “Book title”. Additional Information. City where published: Publisher, date of publication.
Example: Butler, Olivia. The parable of the flower. Sacramento: Sid Press, 1996.

 

4. Links to websites. Include the name and the author’s name, if known, then the title of the article or project, website name, date of publication, the name of the sponsoring organization, the date of visiting the site, the full web address. Observed the following format: name of the author, name of the author. “The name of the work in the project or database.” “The name of the site, project or database.” Data published in the electronic media (the date of publication or last update, the name of the sponsoring organization). Date and site visit <full URL>.
Example: John Joon. “How to write an essay.” The portal writers. August 2, 2012. University of California. 23 February 2013. http: // Internet address.

 

Method 3 of 3: Preparation of a bibliography on standard CHRS

 

1. Drawing up a list of references. Place page for references at the end of your book or article. Caption this page “Literature” and list it on the books, articles, Web sites and other sources, links to which are contained in your work.

 

2. References to the articles. Include the full name of the author, title, name of the journal or periodical, volume number, date of publication of the article, page numbers. If you refer to a newspaper article, the volume number is not specified. Adopted the following format: name of the author. “Article Title.” “The name of the magazine.” Volume number (date): page numbers.
Example: Skylar Marsh. “Walking on the water.” “History of the world” 4 (2001): 23.

 

3. References to the book. Is the full name of the author, book title, city where published, publisher, year of publication, page numbers. Link has the following format: Walter White. “Space and time”. New York: Lyndon Press 1982.

 

4. Links to websites. Include company name, the name of the web page or article, the latest date for its renewal, a full web address. Adopted the following format: Name of the organization. “The name of the web page.” The data is updated. Web address.
Example: University of California. “The history of the University of California.” Last updated on April 3 2013. http: // Internet address.

Advice
Check whether all sources to which you refer in your work are set out in the list of references.

 

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